Models and Tools applied by Energy Modelling Lab

The models and tools listed below are applied and/or developed by our staff. Most of these models and tools are open source or we have access to them because we have been involved in developing them.

Energy System Models and Frameworks

The energy system modelling frameworks contain the code of the underlying optimisation problem used for solving the related energy system model. Energy Modelling Lab is experts in applying the two frameworks TIMES and Balmorel. Examples of models applied with these frameworks are:

  • TIMES-DK covers all economic sectors in Denmark and all energy use, GHG emissions and includes the Danish energy and car taxation system. As examples, we have applied this model for evaluating health impact in Denmark and developed a time slice aggregation tool for it.
  • TIMES-Nordic covers Norway, Sweden and Denmark. All sectors and GHG emissions are included.
  • ON-TIMES covers Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Finland and Denmark. All sectors and GHG emissions are included. The model is being developed during the NCES2020-project.
  • JRC-EU-TIMES (JET) covers 36 countries in Europe. Includes all sectors and tracks trade of energy between the countries and abroad.
  • ETSAP-TIAM A global 30 regions TIMES integrated assessment model currently under construction. Includes climate module and global trade of energy resources.
  • Balmorel Flex4RES is a power and district heating model covering North Europe and the Baltic countries.
  • Balmorel Futuregas covers the power and district heating sectors of Norway, Sweden, Germany and Denmark, and have been extended to also consider industry and individual heating of households in Denmark.

Besides these two frameworks, we also have experience applying the STREAM model. STREAM is a user friendly spreadsheet model of a full energy system. It is mainly used for education, but can be a useful first approach before bringing the heavy models.

Other models and tools

Of other tools relevant for energy system analysis, we have been involved in the development of the following:

IPAT(D) is meant to give an illustrative visualisation of the impact from population, affluence and technological development on climate and Ecological Footprint.

CO2-budget tool can be used to divide the remaining global CO2 budget as stated in the IPCC reports. Different parameters can be used as weights like population, GDP and emission.

Danish Car Stock Model is a detailed car stock model tracking consumers choice of car type and size as a function of market availability and user costs.

Agroland is a spreadsheet model of the Danish agricultural production. Amount of feedstock, human diet and area use can be changed and consequences are calculated for soil mineral and carbon balance, import/export and biogas production.

Danish Heating Model is a detailed building model with construction year categories, building type and use of the buildings. It can be used at municipality level to study the potential and costs of heat savings.

Result visualisation

To support our outreach, we want our results to be easily accessible to everyone, therefore, we are working together with Tokni on developing user-friendly and interactive web-based result interfaces. Examples of this are:

COMETS result homepage used to present scenarios from TIMES-DK.

SHIFT result homepage used for results from TIMES-Nordic in the Nordic Energy Research funded SHIFT project.