PhD-course: Introduction to Balmorel

Energy Modelling Lab was asked by the Technical University of Denmark to help organizing and run the PhD-course Introduction to Balmorel. The course is a 3-week course consisting of a week with introduction to energy systems analysis, scenarios and mathematical optimization and hereafter two weeks of introduction to the energy systems model Balmorel.

Date: August 2021

Contact person, EML: Ida Græsted Jensen

Contact, DTU: Marie Münster

Other participants: RAM-lose

Danida Fellowship Centre course on: The Balmorel Model

Danida Fellowship Centre offers courses to support capacity building in developing and growing countries. Energy Modelling Lab was asked by the Technical University of Denmark to help organizing and run the course Introduction to Balmorel. The course is a 4-week course consisting of a week with introduction to energy systems analysis, scenarios and mathematical optimization and hereafter three weeks of introduction to the energy systems model Balmorel.

The course had 20 participants from five different countries. It included visits from the Danish Energy Agency and Ea Energy Analysis, and two excursions to Danish Energy and Energy Modelling Lab.

Date: August 2021 – September 2021.

Contact person, EML: Ida Græsted Jensen

Contact, DTU: Marie Münster

Other participants: Ea Energy Analyses, RAM-lose

Saved health costs from air pollution can reduce the costs of the green transition

When discussing how expensive the green transition becomes for the Danish society, it is important to consider more aspects than only the investments needed. Several Danish studies estimates the cost of the transition to be approximately 13 to 26 billion Danish kroner a year from 2025 to the year when the transition is complete. These costs often do not include the savings for the society in terms of, e.g., less air pollution. Our results show that when looking solely on the saved health costs from the reduction in air pollution, the society can save 10 to 20 billion Danish kroner per year.

Our note on this can be found here (in Danish only):

Framework contracts, Global Cooperation, Danish Energy Agency

Energy Modelling Lab is a subcontractor for the framework contracts with Global Cooperation in the Danish Energy Agency. Energy Modelling Lab is contributing with TIMES model development and scenario definitions. So far the work has included model development in:

  • Ukraine: Development of the Energy Outlook Reports for Ukraine
  • Vietnam: Preparation and development of the Energy Outlook Reports for Vietnam

Implementation date: July 2020 – June 2023

Scope of delivery: workshops, training, model development, scenario definition, modelling results, and reports.

Shift – Sustainable Horizons in Future Transport

Nordic flagship project funded by Nordic Energy Research as one of their cooperative energy research projects for the period 2015-2019. The Shift project investigates smarter Nordic transport and energy policy by developing and applying transport tools. These tools integrate fuel options, modal shifts, business models and consumer behaviour into scenario modelling and, thereby, provide in-depth analysis covering urban passenger transport, long-haul freight and city logistics. Besides strengthening Nordic energy systems modelling and providing updated scenario analysis for the Nordic transport sector, Shift examined linkages between technological and organisational innovations that can decarbonise the road transport system. In addition, Shift assessed drivers, barriers and effects of transport modal shifts and analyses effective design of transport related policy instruments. Shift included assessments on the Nordic level as well as policy relevant local Nordic case studies highlighting opportunities and challenges for the transition of the transport sector. Shift was led by IVL Swedish Environmental Research (Julia Hansson). 

Implementation date: 2015-09-01 to 2019-10-31.  Kenneth Karlsson and Mikkel Bosack Simonsen participated in the project on behalf of DTU

Scope of delivery: The Shift project resulted in a final summary report, 10 policy briefs, 5 videos, at least 15 peer-reviewed publications and a large amount of non-peer-reviewed publications (>20), events, presentations and media outreach. See:, content/uploads/2019/10/Summary-and-briefs.pdf, and  

Contact for order: Torill Meistad, Coordinator Nordic Flagship Projects. In the end replaced with Jun Elin Wiik, senior advisor at NER.  

COMETS – Co-Management of Energy and Transport Systems

The transport sector constitutes appr. 35% of the Danish final energy consumption and CO2 emissions. It also constitutes the most difficult sector to convert to renewable energy. COMETS is to develop a decision tool for identifying and optimizing policies and investments within an integrated energy system framework incorporating the transportation sector, supporting Denmark’s 2050 goal of becoming independent of fossil fuels. With the transport sector being powered by an increasing share of renewable fuels, it will become increasingly integrated into the energy system: biofuels, hydrogen, electricity, and other alternative fuels have production chains with strong linkages to the broader energy system. Some of the fuels can function as energy storage adding flexibility in the production of electricity and heat, and excess heat from the production of the fuels can be used for district heating or industrial processes. Current energy system models cannot fully handle interactions between the energy and the transport systems, limiting their ability to model changes that affect both systems, e.g., modal shifts in transportation, transportation time optimization, and the influence of transport infrastructure investments on the energy system. This project will develop soft-links between a newly developed behavior-based transport model and an integrated energy system model for Denmark. The combined modeling system will then be used to analyze different policy scenarios for energy and transportation with a participatory approach involving relevant stakeholders. 

Implementation date: January 2015 – June 2019, Kenneth Karlsson and Mikkel Bosack Simonsen participated in the project on behalf of DTU

Scope of delivery: reports, policy briefs, journal articles and workshops.

Contact person for order: Klaus Resenfeldt Jakobsen, Innovationsfonden. Tel: +45 6190 5041. 

REEEM: Role of technologies in an Energy Efficient Economy – Model-based analysis of policy measures and transformation pathways to a sustainable energy system

REEEM aims to gain a clear and comprehensive understanding of the system-wide implications of energy strategies in support of transitions to a competitive low-carbon EU energy society, given the objectives and framework outlined in the Strategic Energy Technology Plan.

The provisions of the energy services in this society will be defined by their sustainability, affordability, efficiency, energy security and reliability. The supportive technology impact assessments will target the full integration from demand to supply and from the individual to the entire system. It will further address the trade-offs across society, environment and economy along the whole transition pathway. A focus on behavioural aspects and on technology research, development and innovation will be included. The strong integration of stakeholder involvement in the whole process of energy system development will be addressed as a main aspect of the proposal.

In support of this overall aim, this project is developed to address four main objectives: (1) to develop an integrated assessment framework, (2) to define pathways towards a low-carbon society and assess their potential implications, (3) to bridge the sciencepolicy gap through a clear communication using decision support tools and (4) to ensure transparency in the process. 

Implementation date: February 2016 – July 2019. Mikkel Bosack Simonsen and Kenneth Karlsson participated in the project on behalf of DTU. 

Scope of delivery and its price: reports, policy briefs, workshops and an energy modelling conference (EMP-E).

Contact for order: European Commission, Project Officer Manuela Conconi.  

DK-BioRes: A model for the Danish bioenergy resource

The project shall provide a quantitative overview of the current Danish technical bioenergy resource. Through a modelling approach the project will provide a foundation for assessments on future resources towards the national goals in 2030 and 2050. Aside from the bioenergy potential, the model will provide an estimate on the resulting GHG-emissions/absorptions from agriculture, forestry, aquaculture, and nature.

The model output will support the TIMES-DK model used by the Danish Energy Agency by providing bioenergy resource potentials available to the energy system.

Bioenergy resources in Denmark

Implementation date: 1 October – June 2021.

Scope of delivery: reports, scenario, and modelling development.

Contact person, EML: Ida Græsted Jensen

Contact for order: Bodil Harder, Danish Energy Agency.

Support to the Government of Azerbaijan in development and implementation of long-term energy strategy for economic diversification

The main subject of EML within the project is the construction of a TIMES model for Azerbaijan to be used forward for long term energy system and climate policy planning. Furthermore, EML will support Azerbaijan with training and teaching in the use of working with an energy system model such as TIMES.

Implementation date: 1 November 2020 – November 2021

Scope of delivery: 2 workshops/training sessions, supporting materials, energy system model development and report.

Contact person, EML: Kenneth Karlsson

Contact person for order: Jamie Muñoz, Equinoccio