Future heating & cooling in Dublin

The possibilities for sustainable heating and cooling are many, but where is central heating the best option? And what local heat sources are available in different areas? These are some of the questions we are going to help answer in Dublin.

In the future Dublin will be heated by recycling thermal energy. Photo: Salim Darwiche (Wikipedia Commons)

A cool collaboration

Energy Modelling Lab has joined the TEN21 project. Here we are going to help cities all over Europe deliver climate friendly thermal energy.

TEN21 consists of a strong team. Firstly energy modelers build a digital version of the heat system. Thereafter we use the model output to create net zero scenarios. Finally investment experts step in to ensure the plans can become reality. This ensures the entire development path from early planning to financing the implementation.

Sewage as part of the future heating and cooling?

If you want to learn more about recycling heat from for example sewage, metros, and datacenters, then go to TEN21.eu.

This is an example of a thermal energy network. Here, waste from several sources is recycled as heating for public buildings. You can read more at TEN21.eu.
Building DK-BioRes

MODELLING DUBLIN
We develop an optimization model within the TIMES-framework.

First and foremost covers the heat and power sector in Dublin. But this model has an especially high level of detail.

NEUTRAL SCENARIOS
Energy Modelling Lab is developing a series of CO2-neutral scenarios for cooling and heating in Dublin.

In this way we can find the perfect fit for each district.


Duration: April 2021 – ongoing

Project: TEN21

Energy Modelling Lab Contact: Kenneth Karlsson

A mosaic of district heating

The climate agenda, new technologies, and geopolitical uncertainties all affect the energy system. District heating is a hot topic, and energy planners around the world are looking to Denmark for inspiration.

Local heat resources

In the future our homes are heated from a variety of sources. It can be excess heat from data centers, Power-to-X, or Carbon Capture plants. Or the heat source can be local sewage or waste from agriculture.


We help cities and district heating providers plan for the future of district heating.

Building DK-BioRes

MODELLING
We gather information about the current heating system and the local resources when we model a district heating area. Based on that we create a local optimization module within one of our national models.

SCENARIO ANALYSIS
In a collaboration between the client and the modelling team we identify a series of potential paths to a sustainable district heating system.

A COLLECTION OF PATHS
The investment paths are gathered in a final report, which gives the client an overview of the different options.


Energy Modelling Lab Contact: Kenneth Karlsson

Clean Nordic shipping

With a combined coastline of 43.000 km trading and travelling by sea is essential in the Nordic countries.

Finding the optimal route to a green future for shipping

The maritime industry is facing a challenging green transition, diverting away from fossil fuels towards renewable energy sources.

There are many possible paths to a sustainable Nordic shipping industry, and this project aims to investigate which low carbon technologies are the most promising in the green transition.

SCENARIO ANALYSIS
Through a series of scenario studies, the Nordic energy model (ON-TIMES) is used to find the optimal paths to a fossil free shipping industry.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT
The project has a special focus on hydrogen and fuel cells in relation to the other low carbon options.


Duration: November 2021 – February 2023

EML team: Kenneth Karlsson, Andrea Marin RadoszynskiAlexandra O’Sullivan Freltoft

Partners: IVL – Svenska Miljöinstitutet

Model: The Open Nordic TIMES model (ON-TIMES) can be found open source in our GitHub repository.

Energy strategy in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan means the land of fire and energy resources as natural gas simply sets the country on fire. As the country moves forward new investments in energy and infrastructure is needed.

To ensure an informed decision process Energy Modelling Lab has supported the Government of Azerbaijan in developing and implementing a long-term energy strategy.

Building DK-BioRes

MODELLING
Energy Modelling Lab has developed and implemented a full energy model (TIMES-AZ) for Azerbaijan, connecting all relevant sectors from energy and heating to transport and industry.

SCENARIO ANALYSIS
The model is used for long term energy system and climate policy planning.

TRAINING
Energy Modelling Lab is supporting the Government of Azerbaijan with training in the use of the energy system model.


Duration: November 2020 – November 2021

Team: Kenneth Karlsson, Mikkel Bosack Simonsen, Till ben Brahim & Andrea Marin Radoszynski

Client: Government of Azerbaijan

Model: TIMES-AZ


Danish Bioresource Model

What is needed for the Danish agriculture and forestry to become climate neutral?
How should the limited Danish area be distributed in the future?
How can we utilize the available Danish biomass resources?

These are some of the tricky questions the Danish bio-resource model (DK-BioRes) can help answering.

If you want to create your own scenarios, the model is available open source in our GitHub repository.


Building DK-BioRes

MODELLING

Energy Modelling Lab has developed the flow-based model DK-BioRes containing all Danish biomass resources from both agriculture, forestry and aquaculture.

The model serves as a foundation for political decisions towards reaching the national climate goals.

The model can be connected to the full national energy model, DK-TIMES.

TRAINING THE USERS

A crucial part of the project is training the analysts from the Danish Energy Agency in using the DK-BioRes model.

Through the series of courses Energy Modelling Lab has been training both regular and super users.


Duration: October 2020 – June 2021

EML team: Ida Græsted Jensen & Alexandra O’Sullivan Freltoft

Client: Danish Energy Agency

Model: The Danish Bioressource Model (DK-BioRes)

Energy outlook in Vietnam

The Vietnamese economy is growing, and so is the demand for energy. As the country moves forward new investments in clean energy and infrastructure is highly needed.

Energy Modelling Lab supports the Vietnamese government in developing and implementing a long-term energy strategy.

Building DK-BioRes

MODELLING
Energy Modelling Lab has further developed the transport sector in the energy systems model for Vietnam.

The model connects all relevant sectors from energy and heating to transport, industry, and health.

SCENARIO ANALYSIS
The model is used for long term energy system and climate policy planning. The scenarios show different paths to reach the Vietnamese government’s climate targets.

REPORT
The scenario results serve as a foundation in the development of the Vietnam Energy Outlook report, showing the path ahead for the Vietnamese energy system.


Implementation date: September 2020 – December 2021

EML Team: Ida Græsted Jensen and Till ben Brahim

Client: This project is part of the Framework contracts with Global Cooperation at the Danish Energy Agency

Collaborators: Ea Energy Analyses, Institute of Energy, E4SMA, Aarhus University

Model: TIMES

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios

The project Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios aims at identifying technological solutions to a fully carbon neutral Nordic region. It further aims at developing energy scenarios for the Nordic energy sector enabling the Nordic commitment to reach carbon neutrality.

Collaborating on finding the right solutions

NCES2020 brings together nine teams from four Nordic countries, with complementing modelling and analytical skills. Combined with use of open access energy system models and data, this strengthens Nordic cooperation and expertise in energy modelling.

The path to neutrality

If you are curious to know more about the results, you can find the five solution tracks here. You can also listen to the podcast, read the full report, or dive straight into the results data.

Building DK-BioRes

MODELLING
Energy Modelling Lab has developed an open source energy model for the Nordic region (ON-TIMES).

The model covers Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland.

SCENARIO ANALYSIS
The model is used to identify paths to a fully carbon neutral Nordic region.

Find the scenario results here.

REPORT
The results are collected in the Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios report.


Duration: March 2020 – April 2021.

Project: Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios

Energy Modelling Lab Contact: Kenneth Karlsson

Client: Energiforsk

Model: Open Nordic TIMES model (ON-TIMES)

Collaboration with Southern University of Denmark

Energy modelling lab provides TIMES modelling courses at the Southern university of Denmark (SDU). Furthermore, one of the students joined Energy Modelling Lab for an internship in the fall of 2021.

TIMES modelling course

The students gets an insight into the globally used energy system modelling tool TIMES. Further more the course dives into Danish model TIMES-DK to assess the Danish energy systems.

Projects made by the students

– Modelling of battery capacity in electric vehicles
– Energy islands in the Danish area of the North sea

Duration: Ongoing

Contact person EML: Mikkel Bosack Simonsen

PhD-course at DTU in energy modelling

Energy Modelling Lab was asked by the Technical University of Denmark to help organise and run the PhD-course Introduction to Balmorel.

Throughout the 3-week course, the students gained knowledge of
– Energy systems analysis and scenarios
– Mathematical optimization
– The energy systems model Balmorel

Date: August 2021

EML Team: Ida Græsted Jensen

Client: Technical University of Denmark

Collaborators: RAM-lose

Model: Balmorel

Training international energy modelers

Energy Modelling Lab was asked by DTU to help organizing and run the course Introduction to Balmorel.

Through the 4-week course the students learned:
– How to do system energy modelling
– To use the Balmorel modelling tool.

The course included visits from the Danish Energy Agency and Ea Energy Analysis. Further more the students went on field trips to both Danish Energy and Energy Modelling Lab.

The course was tailored to modelers from developing and growing countries, and had 20 participants from five different countries. It was run at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), through the Danida Fellowship Centre.

Date: August 2021 – September 2021.

Contact person, EML: Ida Græsted Jensen

Contact, DTU: Marie Münster

Other participants: Ea Energy Analyses, RAM-lose